The spine is the central structure of the body, it provides support for the limbs, pelvis, and head. The spine is made up of bones called vertebrae and each vertebra is cushioned by spongy tissue called “intervertebral discs”.

The discs have a flat structure with a jelly-like centre. The spinal cord runs from the brain and through the centre of the spine. The nerves that send messages to the arms, legs and rest of the body exit the spine from the spaces between the vertebrae.

Each vertebra is also joined at the back by pairs of small joints known as ‘facet’ joints. A network of ligaments holds the spine together and complex layers of muscle provide structural support and allow movement. A&B Myotherapy treats slipped disc & back pain.

Causes of back pain

People often use the term “slipped disc” to described back pain. This term refers to a disc prolapse.

A disc prolapse occurs when there is a protrusion of one on the discs between the vertebrae. However, most people with back pain do not have any damage to their spine.

The pain comes from the muscles, ligaments, and joints. More persistent back pain may also be associated with arthritis of the facet joints and degeneration of the discs.

In a large number of cases, back pain is caused by a misalignment in posture, which places the back under an increased load. This is often a result of muscular imbalance.

What is a muscle imbalance? Muscle groups work in pairs and when one muscle group is stronger than its opposing muscle group it can pull the body into a changed posture.

How you can help your back:

  • Exercises regularly – To increase strength and flexibility.Regular exercise has been shown to greatly reduce back pain, even low-intensity exercise such walking 30 minutes a day has a large effect.

  • Maintain a healthy body weight – being overweight places extra strain on your back.

  • Be aware of your posture – consider your posture, particularly when seated, such as sitting at a desk for long

  • periods of time. Please see our computer/desk article for more information.

  • Take regular breaks – sitting or standing for long periods of time, take regular breaks to change the position of your joints and loosen your muscles.

  • Relaxation – learn some relaxation techniques to reduce stress levels and subsequent muscle tension.

  • Pain management- Try self-massage, heat or cold applications and gentle exercise

  • Check your sleeping posture- On average, we spend 30% of our lives sleeping so it is important to sleep with a good posture as well. Mattresses that are too soft or too hard can aggravate a sore back as can sleep on too many pillows. Try to avoid sleeping on your stomach.

How A&B Myotherapy can help:

  • Assessment of your back and posture

  • Soft tissue release of tight shortened muscles

  • Dry needling for pain relief

  • Assessment of your muscle balances including length and strength testing

  • Prescription of strengthening and stretching exercises